你能否被坦克世界所载入?瑞士的NK2自行火炮

2017-12-19 15:08  来源:网络整理  作者:采集侠  责任编辑:admin

  

  Nahkampfkanone II

  瑞士的NK2自行火炮

  (译注:Nahkampfkanone这个单词直译为近战火炮)

  This self-propelled gun was one of the most interesting Swiss-made armored vehicles, despite the fact that it was never accepted in service. It was not totally original per se - it was more like an assembly of existing solutions invented by other parties and it was by no means bad, the program was cancelled for economic reasons, not design ones.

  虽然这辆自行火炮从未在军队中服过役,仍然是最有趣的瑞士产装甲车辆之一。其设计并不是完全原创,更像是将一些已有的设计组合在一起。但这并不意味着这是个糟糕的设计,该项目最终是因为经济原因而非设计原因被取消。

  The requirements for the NK2 were laid down in March 1943 with the real design work starting on 28.1.1944 when the SPG parameters were finalized as such:

  - 75mm gun or 105mm howitzer

  - maximum depression: -14 degrees

  - maximum elevation: +26 degrees for the gun or +38 degrees for the howitzer

  - telescopic and periscope sights available

  在1943年3月,就制定了NK2的设计要求,而实际的设计工作从1944年1月28日才开始。最后确定的性能参数如下:

  - 75mm加农炮或105mm榴弹炮

  - 最大俯角:-14度

  - 左右射界:+26度(加农炮)或+38度(榴弹炮)

  - 可用望远镜和潜望镜瞄准

  In the end, the NK2 ("close combat gun") project took a while to develop, as many as 4 variants of the vehicle were considered. In January of 1946, a single prototype was made - the only one of the four that would be actually built. It weighed 24 tons and was armed with a 75mm L/49 gun. Its frontal armor was 70mm thick and its maximum speed was 50 km/h. The vehicle had a frontal transmission that resembled the American design actually, but was of the Wilson type (clearly influenced by the Czechoslovak-made Panzerwagen 39). The hull was in turn heavily influenced by the French (partially cast, partially bolted with curves). The crew consisted of five men - commander, loader, driver and two gunners, a legacy of the main weapon being originally an AA gun. The vehicle was propelled by a 12-cylinder Saurer 16 liter CV1DL engine, producing 300 horsepower. The suspension was a mix of Czech (drive sprocket, support rollers), American (roadwheels) and German (Panzer IV-style idler) influence.

  NK2项目的研发工作持续了一段时间,共设想过4种不同的型号。在1946年1月,造出了一辆原型车。这是四种型号唯一一辆造出原型车的。该车重24吨,装一门75mm L/49加农炮。前装甲厚70mm,最高时速为50 km/h。该车的传动装置前置,看上去像美国式的设计,但实际是威尔逊公司的设计风格(显然受到了捷克斯洛伐克产的Panzerwagen 39坦克的影响)。车体设计具有浓烈的法国风(弧形设计,部分铸造,部分采用螺栓连接)。乘员五人,分别是车长、装填手、驾驶员和两名炮手。主炮的原型是一门高射炮。该车的动力采用一台12缸苏拉(Saurer)16升CV1DL发动机,功率为300匹马力。悬挂装置是捷克(主动轮、托带轮)、美国(负重轮)和德国风(诱导轮)的混搭。

  Even though the self-propelled gun concept was becoming somewhat obsolete, the vehicle turned out to be quite good, especially considering the fact that Switzerland was not exactly experienced in tank design at that point. The vehicle was assembled and tested in Thun, where it is currently located as well. Unfortunately, after two years, the project was cancelled for economic reasons. The Czechoslovaks offered Switzerland the 15-ton G-13 tank destroyer, which was already mass-produced. The NK2 mantlet by the way comes from a G-13 as well.